Rules by location

A breakdown of copyright term length, exceptions like fair dealing, and other topics by country or territory.

Remember!

You need to consider relevant laws in the country or territory where the material is most likely to be copied, shared, or accessed—not necessarily where the work was created or published.


The Bahamas

Type of WorkTerm
Standard termLife + 70
Corporate/anonymous worksCreation + 100 or Publication + 70, whichever expires first
PhotographsStandard rules apply.
Audiovisual worksStandard rules apply.
New published editionsNot specified.
Common ExceptionsSummary
Fair dealing/fair useFair dealing applies to research, private study, scholarship, teaching; criticism, comment, parody, and review; news reporting.
Educational useMay show films (including explicitly online) as part of “systematic instructional activities”; 5% of literary, dramatic, musical works may be used per quarter.
Libraries and archivesMay make 1 copy of periodical, literary, dramatic, or musical work for research and private study; may make preservation or replacement copy for library’s own collection or another library where not “reasonably practicable” to purchase.
Government worksCopyright applies to all government works
AccessibilitySome exceptions for non-dramatic literary works (i.e. not movies).
Related rightsSummary
Moral rightsApply for term of copyright; right to attribution, no uses that distort original work or harm creator’s reputation, no sharing of private photographs or films. Does not apply where relying on fair dealing.
Expressions of folklore/traditional rightsNone specified.

Sources: Copyright Act (1998) and Wikimedia Commons


Dominica

Type of WorkTerm
Standard termLife + 70
Corporate/anonymous worksCreation + 50, Release to Public + 50, or Publication + 50, whichever expires last
PhotographsLife + 70
Audiovisual worksCreation + 50, Release to Public + 50, or Publication + 50, whichever expires last
New published editionsPublication + 25
Common ExceptionsSummary
Fair dealing/fair useFair practice allows “quotation of a short part of a published work” and must include attribution.
Educational useArticles and short excerpts (must obtain license if available). Must include attribution.
Libraries and archivesMay make 1 copy for study, scholarship, or private research (must obtain license if available). May make preservation or replacement copy for library’s own collection or another library where “impossible to obtain under reasonable conditions.”
Government worksCopyright applies to government works. Creation + 70; Creation + 25 for typographical arrangements.
AccessibilityNone specified.
Related rightsSummary
Moral rightsApply for term of copyright; right to attribution, no uses that distort original work or harm creator’s reputation, no sharing of private photographs or films. Does not apply where relying on fair dealing for news reporting.
Expressions of folklore/traditional rightsRights to folklore (music, tales, art, etc., in oral or other tradition, with unknown author) vested in State.

Sources: Copyright Act (2003) and Wikimedia Commons


Haiti

Type of WorkTerm
Standard termLife + 60
Corporate/anonymous worksCreation + 60, Release to Public + 60, or Publication + 60, whichever expires last
PhotographsCreation + 25
Audiovisual worksCreation + 60, Release to Public + 60, or Publication + 60, whichever expires last
New published editions
Common ExceptionsSummary
Fair dealing/fair useNot explicitly framed as fair use, but allows for use of short fragments for informational or news purposes and of copyrighted works for scientific research.
Educational useMay use materials for teaching unless they were created for teaching purposes.
Libraries and archivesUpon request, may make copy of article or extract. May make preservation or replacement copy.
Government works
Accessibility
Related rightsSummary
Moral rightsMoral rights apply.
Expressions of folklore/traditional rightsGovernment unit responsible for collecting royalties (to fund social and cultural initiatives) for expressions of folklore as public performance or fixed works such as anthologies.

Sources: Copyright Act (2005) and Wikimedia Commons

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